Practical approaches to understand and to communicate reduction disaster risk in urban systems.
Prof. Dr. Frauke Kraas
University of Cologne
University of Cologne
German Red Cross
Dr. Marlene Willkomm
After the urban turn during the last decade, more people are living in cities than in rural areas. Worldwide, the urban population is constantly increasing. Current forecasts of the United Nations assume that 68 percent of the world population will live in cities by 2050. In the case of disasters, the urban population is particularly vulnerable, due to the density, diversity, and dynamics of urban areas. The focus of humanitarian aid is now on urban areas in both conflict and non-conflict situations. There is an emerging need for a holistic and inclusive disaster preparedness involving urban actors, humanitarian organisations, and civilians.
Cities are systems in which diverse and heterogeneous communities, stakeholders, and institutions coexist and interact. A disaster risk management of humanitarian organisations in urban areas must be based on both an understanding of the urban system and the humanitarian actors' own role within this system.
By the example of Antananarivo in Madagascar, we would like to present experiences of project planning and implementation and discuss the lessons learned from relevant urban projects with the participants. Special attention will be paid to an approach for a stakeholder mapping developed by our colleagues in the field and its transferability to other urban contexts.
Based on the complex risk situation in Yangon/Myanmar, aspects of information exchange and warning of the population will be addressed. This contribution is the result of the German-Myanmar, transdisciplinary, BMBF-funded joint project on the management of multiple risks of extreme events in Yangon focusing on institutional, private-sector, and civil-society organised disaster preparedness.
Within the project, flyers for informing the population about natural hazards are being produced and institutional risk communication and disaster preparedness is investigated. The involvement of humanitarian organisations in societal disaster preparedness and disaster risk management is important, but not well established. In this respect, good practices and experience in the implementation and evaluation of efficient risk communication and education will be exchanged and discussed.